By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This designated case research explores the dramatic financial and social adjustments that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. along with significant advances in rice expertise, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, growing to be infrastructure, and concrete monetary actions have sped up the speed of switch. using a special information set outfitted from a variety of surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a regular Laguna village, the authors illustrate a trend of socioeconomic improvement shared through irrigated rice components all through Asia.
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Additional resources for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
The analysis of labour contracts in rice harvesting illustrates the case of complementarity between community and market in achieving efficient resource allocations. Chapter 8 derives the same conclusion from the analysis of product marketing. An important finding from the study of rice marketing in East Laguna Village is that small farmers are not necessarily passive agents to be exploited by traders. Many are active entrepreneurs involved in trading, and their participation makes the rice market highly competitive and efficient.
Large labour employment created by the construction of an irrigation system and the diffusion of new rice technology as represented by the adoption of MV encouraged labour migration to lowland rice villages from upland villages in the hills and mountains surrounding the rice belt along Laguna de Bay (Chapter 3). With this high population growth, the availability of rice fields per capita in East Laguna Village decreased rapidly, from about a quarter of a hectare in 1966 to less than a tenth of a hectare in 1995.
In this respect, Filipinos seem to be similar to the Japanese and many other Asians in belonging to the ‘culture of shame’ rather than the ‘culture of sin’ (Benedict, 1946). Within this basic cultural similarity, the differences in social norms and community structures between Japanese and Philippine villagers appear to be based on traditional differences in relative resource endowments. In Japan, the danger of population pressure on limited land resources culminating in a subsistence crisis, especially for poor members in village communities, was already visible by the eighteenth century (Hayami, 1997, pp.
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi